سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: اولین کنفرانس لوله و صنایع وابسته

تعداد صفحات: ۱۶

نویسنده(ها):

Majid Sadeqzadeh – Safety & Technical Inspection./ Petroleum University of Technology
Masoud Amirkhosro – Safety & Technical Inspection./ Petroleum University of Technology
Majid Hazrati – Safety & Technical Inspection./ Petroleum University of Technology

چکیده:

Regulatory authorities in many countries are moving away from prescriptive approaches for keeping natural gas pipelines safe. As an alternative, risk management based on a quantitative assessment is being considered to improve the level of safety. This paper focuses on the development of a simplified method for the quantitative risk assessment for natural gas pipelines and introduces parameters of fatal length and cumulative fatal length. The fatal length is defined as the integrated fatality along the pipeline associated with hypothetical accidents. The cumulative fatal length is defined as the section of pipeline in which an accident leads to N or more fatalities. These parameters can be estimated easily by using the information of pipeline geometry and population density of a Geographic Information Systems (GIS). With currently acceptable criteria taken into account for individual risk, the minimum proximity of the pipeline to occupied buildings is approximately proportional to the square root of the operating pressure of the pipeline. The proposed method of quantitative risk assessment may be useful for risk management during the planning and building stages of a new pipeline, and modification of a buried pipeline.