سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: پنجمین کنگره بین المللی مهندسی شیمی

تعداد صفحات: ۶

نویسنده(ها):

Rohani – Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood Branch, Shahrood
Pazuki – Department of Biotechnology, Malekashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

چکیده:

In this study, the individual ion activity coefficient in an aqueous solution is modeled with a new model. This model contains two physical significant ionic parameters regarding the ionic solvation and the closest distance of approach between ions in a solution. The present model was evaluated by the estimation of the individual activity coefficients of the ions of thirty electrolytes in aqueous solutions. The results showed that this model suitably predicts the individual ion activity coefficients in aqueous two-electrolyte solutions consisting of the binary pairs of electrolytes of NaCl, KCl, KBr and CaCl2 in a temperature range from 298.15 to 243.15 K. The results by this model were compared to the literature values. The average absolute relative deviations of vapor pressures showed acceptable agreement between experimental data and the results of this model.