سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: پنجمین همایش موتورهای درونسوز

تعداد صفحات: ۱۲

نویسنده(ها):

Vahid Hosseini – Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
M David Checkel – Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

چکیده:

A combination of high laminar burning velocity and high octane number makes hydrogen a favorable blending additive for IC engine applications. Hydrogen has been examined with various base fuels for improving cold start behavior, enhancing anti-knock characteristics and extending the dilution limit of lean burn engines. As an alternative to pure hydrogen, reformer gas is a highhydrogen fuel gas which can be produced from any base hydrocarbon fuel using catalytic
techniques, (such as partial oxidation or autothermal reforming). Fuel reforming involves energy losses and the hydrogen concentration and reforming efficiency varies depending on the base fuel, reforming technique and reformer operating parameters. However, the energy loss involved in reforming a base fuel might be offset by improvements in engine operating efficiency achievablewith reformer gas blending.This paper reports on an experimental study where reformer gas with fixed mixture composition was used to enhance EGR tolerance limit of a natural gas engine to achieve extremely low NOx and high efficiency while keeping the mixture at stoichiometric air/fuel ratio enabling use of a regular 3-way NOx catalytic converter.