سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۴

محل انتشار: کنگره بین المللی اخلاق زیستی

تعداد صفحات: ۱۹

نویسنده(ها):

Fazeh Babaei – Mster of nursing Education (medical – surgical) , medical science university of babol- nursing faculty

چکیده:

Most nurses will care for and provide health information about cancer to a patient some point in their carrets. Cancer care will change dramaticallyin the coming years as a result of the translation of information gained from the Human Genome Project into clinical practice and the enhancedunderstandingof cancer at a molecular level. A select groupof cancres, known as hereditary cancers, result from mutations in the germline that confer a greatly increased lifetime risk of developing cancer. Advance intechnology and discoveries stemming from the human genome project now provide the means to test individuals for the presenceof mutations associated with some know hereditaty cancer syndrome .of particular importance togastroenterology nurses are hereditary colorectal cancer syndrome. Although many ethical, legal. And psychosocial issues associated withtesting remain unresolved, predisposition genetic testing is having a significant impacton health care. Nurses will have vital roles in the future assessing patients and theirfalimy members for increased cancerrisk, educating them about the availability of testing, making referrals for cancer genetic counseling and risk assessment , and providing follow – up care in community for patients found to be at increased risk.