سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: پنجمین کنگره بین المللی مهندسی شیمی

تعداد صفحات: ۱۲

نویسنده(ها):

Shahamiri – Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Calgary 2500 University Drive, NW, Calgary, AB Canada, T2N 1N4
Wierzba – Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Calgary 2500 University Drive, NW, Calgary, AB Canada, T2N 1N4

چکیده:

Catalytic combustion of lean premixed mixtures of biogas/air and biogas/hydrogen/air on Pt in a packed bed reactor has been investigated using detailed surface chemistry. Non-equilibrium, adiabatic and one dimensional flow assumptions have been adopted for simulation of the reactor. The interaction between two phases of porous medium is incorporated into the model via heat and mass transfer factors. Radiation heat transfer has been taken into account using effective thermal conductivity. All thermo-physical properties of the gas phase are considered to be temperature and concentration dependent. Two energy equations for two phases of the porous medium along with species transport equations are solved in the model. A mechanism of multi-step surface reactions, suitable for oxidation of lean mixture of methane/air, has been adopted from literature and employed for simulations. This mechanism includes 36 single step reactions with 11 surface and 6 gas phase species. Simulations have been conducted for oxidation of different biogas/air mixtures for the inlet temperature range of 700K to 900K at atmospheric pressure. The effect of addition of hydrogen to the biogas/air mixtures has also been investigated. It is shown that hydrogen improves oxidation of methane.