سال انتشار: ۱۳۷۷
محل انتشار: سومین همایش بین المللی سواحل، بنادر و سازه های دریایی
تعداد صفحات: ۱۶
Charles – Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands – professor in construction technology
Van der Horst – Managing director Delta Marine Consultants, Gouda, The Netherlands
Ali Taheri-Motlagh – Delft University of Technology – Senior Researcher
The Roman architect and engineer Vitruvius has in book 5 fiom his ten books on architecture dedicated chapter 12 to the subject of the design and construction of harbors, breakwaters and shipyards. We would today consider such a book as part of a quality assurance system at the
level of product and construction manual. The book is essentially a very well observed summary of proven construction practice in a wide sense, as it deals with esthetics, structural design, fbnctional aspects and construction of a wide range of buildings. Temples, theaters, houses, irrigation systems, roads, harbors and bridges are some of the subjects dealt with. It would be nice when such an integrated approach to building could be practiced today. For the construction of breakwaters and quay walls Vitruvius describes three essentially different methods. The first method proposed by Vitruvius is in fact a conventional cofferdam, made of oaken stakes driven in the bottom and completely filled up with mortar. The second method is an ingenious way of constructing and placing solid concrete blocks on the bottom of thesea.