سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۵
محل انتشار: سومین کنگره بین المللی بهداشت، درمان و مدیریت بحران در حوادث غیرمترقبه
تعداد صفحات: ۱
Ömer Faruk GÖRÇÜN – Anadolu Bil Univevcity
Muzaffer BACA – International Blue Crescant Humanitarian & Relief Organization
Ecological disasters impact large populations every year, & hundreds of nongovernmental organization, thousands of aid workers, & billions of dollars are sent in response. Yet, there have been recurring problems with coordination, leading to wasted efforts & funds. Especially post Disasters Re-constructions are including very high cost. This article will be focus on the crital roles of risk & risk assessment in the managment of health emergencies & disasters. Disasters Logistic has become very important play role on the post disaster reconstructions. Today International, local organizations, non governmental organizations have been studying for collecting constributions. On the post-disasters, hefty aid materials could be collect; it is distributing & transporting have to planning by disasters logistic specialists. If it could not be planning, collected constributions could be unproductive Post-Disasters Logistic activities, Food aid programs & Supply Chain management of aid materials can be developed for a variety of reasons & with a variety of goals & objectives. The information contained in this handbook is designed to provide logistics managers & NGO program staff with basic information & guidance in planning & establishing a supply chain to daliver food aid. There is no “one right answer” to any logistics operation; there are options & combinations of options that must be examined & evaluated. This article should assist logistics managers in this task. There are eight major steps that logistics managers & staff must go through when designing & establishing an in-country supply chain. These steps are as follows: Determine Delivery Requirements to the Distribution Site, Select the Distribution Site, Understanding the Supply Chain, Determine the Practicality & Extent of using a Freight Forwarder, Determine the type & Amount of Transport required throughout the Supply Chain, Determine the Location & type of Storage Required along the Supply Chain, Determine the requirements for Loading, Unloading, & Handing of the Food Aid & Determine the Costs for Transport, Storage, & Handing along the Supply Chain The overall goal of managing the in-country supply chain is to efficiently & effectively deliver goods to designated end-points for final distribution to the intended recipients. To do this, logistics managers must establish a supply chain, or logistics network, through which commodities will physically move from the primary storage point(s) to those end points. The complexity of the in-country supply chain will be determined by the logistics infrastructure available (roads, railroads, bridges, waterways, air field, warehouses, etc. ), the transport capacity available (trucks, trains, barges, air craft), budget, and the number of delivery destinations that must be served. The supply chain is composed of two basic components: nodes & links, Nodes are points in the network where commodities are received, stored, & dispatched. Links are the transportation corridors connecting nodes on which the commodities will move (roads, rail tracks, waterways & air corridors). At nodes, commodities may be received on one mode of transport (e.g. tracks) & transferred to another mode of transport (e.g. rail). They may be received & issued using the same mode transport, but whit different characteristics (e.g. received on large capacity trucks & dispatched on smaller trucks due to pooper road conditions or the need to deliver to multiple destinations). At each node in the supply chain, commodity receipt & dispatched must be documented & accounted for using an inventory accounting system. In the Study, on post disasters reconstructions, Construction of Logistics Systems aid distributing & supply chain management will analyze on the light of the rehabilitation & risks management. This article will try to explain constructing of programs. It will analyze to effects of logistics system, transportations, storage, handling & other activities on the disaster reconstructions.