سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۸

محل انتشار: همایش بین المللی بزرگداشت یکصد و پنجاهمین سال حیات فعال جمال الدین حسینی اسدآبادی

تعداد صفحات: ۲۲

نویسنده(ها):

Jamshid Ali Khan – Professor of Political Science, Punjabi University, Patiala
Mohammad Idris – Lecturer, Department of History, Punjabi University, Patiala

چکیده:

The present paper deals with the economic, social and political situation of Delhi during the life and times of Sayyed Jamal-ul-Din Assadabadi (1838-1897 A.D.). India had a considerable interest for Central Asia and Persia, not only being neighbours beyond the Indus, but also because there had been a close link between these regions geographically, politically and economically. Across the river Indus, the rivers Syr, Amu, Kabul, and Helmand connected the vast regions of Central Asia and Persia. These rivers provided communication for the travellers, traders and the troops. Sometimes swollen with rains the rivers offered difficulties and prevented smooth communications. The Indus is the greatest river about 1800 miles long.1 Rising in Tibet, flowing through Kashmir and north-west frontier and Sind, it meets the Arabian Sea in the south. It forms the boundary of the Punjab plains parallel to the Sulaiman hills. In medieval times, it used to receive the accumulated waters of the Punjab viz. Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej and was joined by other several smaller streams from the western mountains