سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶
محل انتشار: هفتمین همایش ملی دانشجویی مهندسی شیمی
تعداد صفحات: ۹
Dr. S. J. Hashemi – Associate Professor, Petroleum University of Technology
Kamyar Keyvanloo – Technical Inspection Engineers, Petroleum University of Technology
Majid Sadeqzadeh – Technical Inspection Engineers, Petroleum University of Technology
Although reactive distillation columns allow direct utilization of heat of reaction to separation operation, the effectiveness of internal heat integration appears to be unsatisfactory and their thermodynamic efficiency could be improved substantially through seeking further internal heat integration between the reaction and separation operations. Prudent arrangement of reactive section, effective determination of feed location, and deliberate distribution of catalyst constitute the three methods that can complement internal heat integration within a reactive distillation column. The reactive section is suggested to superimpose properly onto the stripping section for exothermic reactions and onto the rectifying section for endothermic reactions. Feed location and distribution of catalyst should be determined so that the effect of internal heat integration can be maximized. A sequential procedure is proposed to determine an appropriate process configuration for internal heat integration within a reactive distillation column. A reactive distillation system is used to evaluate the design philosophy proposed. It has been found that a substantial improvement in system performance can be achieved. The conclusions can provide process designers with additional latitude to elaborate their process designs.