سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۴

محل انتشار: دومین کنفرانس بین المللی بتن و توسعه

تعداد صفحات: ۱۹

نویسنده(ها):

Ahmad Shayan – Australia

چکیده:

Signs of concrete distress in a hydroelectric concrete gravity dam in the Snowy Hydro network was noted in routine surveys on the crest of the dam wall and measurement of vertical movements along the crest over a number of years. The distress was also manifested in the form of cracking in some sections of the dam wall. Concrete elements of the associated power station had also shown some degree of distress in the form of cracking. Alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR) was considered among other mechanisms as alikely cause of cracking. In order to investigate the main causes of cracking of the various elements of the power station and the dam wall, core samples ranging in length from 0.3 m to 10 m were extracted and investigated for the presence of AAR, its extent, likelihood of continuing reaction,residual expansion potential, and effect on the strength of concrete. Results of the investigation showed that mild AAR was present in some sections of the wall of the power station but not in the floor, where drying shrinkage could have caused the observed cracking. Mild AAR was also present in sections of the dam wall with minor visible cracking, but it was stronger and more widespread in the badly cracked area. Based on the measurement of the residual expansion, it was suggested that the walls of power station could be treated by appropriate surface coating to mitigate the progress of AAR, and the badly cracked portion of the dam wall be anchored to stabilise the vertical movement. Other portions of the dam wall did not appear to need treatment.