سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۲

محل انتشار: اولین کنفرانس بین المللی فناوری اطلاعات و دانش

تعداد صفحات: ۶

نویسنده(ها):

Hooman Tahayori – Shiraz University, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shiraz, IRAN
Masoomeh Moharrer – Tarbiat Modarres University, Dept. of Industrial Engineering, Tehran, IRAN

چکیده:

One of the major limitations of all of the information distribution channels in tourism industry, is that they, for the most part, all ultimately flow through the GDSs. Of course, this has several implications in terms of cost, audience and information content. As a result, many tourism suppliers would like to bypass the GDS route and use electronic distribution to sell directly to the consumer. With the phenomenal growth in the use of the Internet and the World Wide Web both in the home and in the workplace, and the opportunities presented by falling hardware andcommunications costs, the potential now exists for tourism suppliers to both distribute information to and process reservations from customers directly. In his paper by considering some of the trends shaping modern business
strategies such as the mass customization of services, the interactive design of products with customers, the service envelope around the most basic products and the increasing information intensity of products, we illustrates how such trends apply to the tourism industry and describes the way ICT can support or enable such strategies. Then we analyse the role of ICT in tourism industry by introducing a framework to classify and analyze related organisations around three dimensions, distinguishing what happens (1) at the boundary of the firms, (2) in their relations with their customers and suppliers and (3) on the markets they reach. The actors that we primarily consider are the following: (1) the service providers (hotels, airlines, congress organizers, etc.), the travel agencies, and other intermediaries, (2) the final customers (both corporate and individual), and (3) the countries (often represented by their tourism offices). Finally, we describe some innovative ways of using ICT, among others, to expand an actor’s business.