سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶
محل انتشار: پنجمین کنگره بین المللی مهندسی شیمی
تعداد صفحات: ۷
Pirozfar – Department of Chemical Engineering, Tarbiat modares University, Tehran, Iran
Zarrin ghalam – Department of Chemical Engineering, Tarbiat modares University, Tehran, Iran
Ommi – Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Ameri – Department of Chemical Engineering, Tarbiat modares University, Tehran, Iran
Additives improve ignition and combustion efficiency, stabilize fuel mixtures, protect the motor from abrasion and wax deposition, and reduce pollutant emissions, among other features. Fuel additives become indispensable tools not only to decrease these drawbacks but also to produce specified products that meet international and regional standards like EN 14214, ASTM D 6751, and DIN EN 14214, allowing the fuels trade to take place. A large variety of fuel additives as ferrocene or Ce-compounds have been investigated. They are added to the fuel in order to improve the engine efficiency, reduce emissions or, if regenerative particles traps are used, to assist the regeneration process. Whereas their effect on soot suppression is quite limited, additives are useful for trap regeneration. The fuel additives, such as inert diluents, gaseous additives, metallic additives, and oxygenated additives, are added into flames.