سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۸

محل انتشار: هشتمین سمینار بین المللی مهندسی رودخانه

تعداد صفحات: ۱۰

نویسنده(ها):

A Najafi – Expert of Boundary Rivers & Share Waters Bureau, Ministry of Energy, Tehran, Iran
J Vatanfada – Consultant of Water Affair Deputy of Iranian Ministry of Energy and Secretary of Boundary Rivers Coordination Committee, Ministry of Energy, Tehran, Iran,

چکیده:

Hamoon lakes are transboundary wetlands and lakes between Iran and Afghanistan which get their water from Hirmand (helmand) River. The lakes sustain a rich freshwater flora, a unique aquatic fauna, including endemic fish species, and attract large numbers of migratory water-birds. The wetlands have a great ecological, economical and cultural value, and offer a livelihood to a significant proportion of the human population in the Sistan basin. For decreasing Environmental challenges in Transboundary Rivers and Share wetlands, it is necessary to go toward Integrated Water Resources Management in the basin and improve cooperation between countries, prepare or strengthen water bilateral or more treaties and using international technical and other support to help wetland continue its life and keep its individual aquatics and natures for next years. In this paper recent condition of Hamoon wetlands, implemented works and suggested solution for conservation and rehabilitation of Hamoons will be presented.