سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۴
محل انتشار: کنگره بین المللی اخلاق زیستی
تعداد صفحات: ۸
Dehghani – School of veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Bassami – School of veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Hashemitabar – School of veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
The production and use of various kinds of the genetically manipulated (transgenic) animals has rapidly increased in biomedical and from animal biotechnology . in this paper the moral aspectsof animal genetic manipulation (animal transgenesis) according to the Iranian culture, , moral,and religious values have been addressed. First the morally acceptable and objectionable issues in the process of animal transgenesisare discussed. The processof animal transgenesis os categorized into three phasesof gene transfer into host embryo, transfer of genetically manipulated embryos into surrogate mother, and the evaluation of transgenicoffspring. These three phases are phases are outlined with an emphasis on the moral and cultural appropriateness of concepts like concepts like transferof foreign genes into anorganism, hormonal and surgical intervention of embryo donors and recipients , physical manipulation and selection of embryos as living entities, andthe final selection of transgenic animals to choose the desirable modifies genomes. Next the potential benefits, harms, and also cultural and religious acceptability of various uses of transgenic animals have been outlined. Two main categories ofutilization of transgenic animals, being beneficial for the life of just human, or for both human and animal lives are elaborated. In many cases transgenic animals are exploited to serve solely for human life, when they are used to advance our knowledge about the biological processes, whenthey are used to advance our knowledge about the biological process, when they are the donors of human – compatible organs, and when they make many pharmaceuticals are bioreactors. Enhancementof resistance to diseases, and protection of the endangered species from extinction are examples of the second category, where the transgenesis improves the lifeof the animals that are also valuable for human life. Finally, an emphasis has been put on the current status of animal transgenesis in Iran, and for the improvement and future development of animal transgenesis some policies have been proposed. Implementation of globally – accepted laws, establishment of organizations that could act as the national references of all biotechnological acts, and raising the general public’s awareness through educational programs are among these policies . a special reference has been made to the necessity of abalance among three elements of “demands” , “expert opinion” , and the “understanding of the general public” which seems necessary for a decision to be made at the levelof government and society.