سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶
محل انتشار: پنجمین همایش موتورهای درونسوز
تعداد صفحات: ۹
M Auriemma – Istituto Motori , CNR , Napoli University of Shiraz, Iran
G Caputo –
G Valentino –
J Zarinchang –
In this work , result of experimental investigation on interaction of fuel spray generated by a swirled type injector , with air motion in a prototype cylinder are presented . experiments were carried out by planar imaging and particle image velocimetry (PIV) techniques in order to provide information about the spray structure evolution and instantaneous velocity distribution of air motion and fuel spray at different operating condition . The experimental set-up includes an engine head and a prototype cylinder with optical access suitable to stabilize conditions of tumble flow close to the real SIDI engines. A common rail injection system was used with a swirled type injector of a nominal cone angle 50° and a nozzle diameter 0.55 mm . a blower , under steady state condition , supplies a suitable intake flow rate to simulate that one evolves in real engines at different operative conditions. Tests were carried out by setting the pressure drop between the intake manifold and cylinder of 350 mmH2O , valve lifts hv = 5 and 9 mm and injection pressure 10 MPa .The measurement have been done on a plane across the cylinder and injector axis with a field of view of 47 mm in diameter . PIV of air motion shows a fluid dynamics structure clockwise rotating with homogenous structure .The velocity profiles show 30% increasing of maximum velocity at operative condition of hv = 9 mm with respect to hv = 5 mm. At the first stage of injection results of planar imaging show a fuel spray that depicts a solidstructure with a penetration axis primarily controlled by the fuelmomentum at later time , the fuel spray depicts a less cone angle with respect to those which obtained by analyzing the spray under air flow quiescentcondition . Then because of tumble motion the fuel spray is distorted and disintegrated . Images show the formation of large clusters of fuel which aretransferred in wide region within the cylinder . At the first stage of injection ,PIV results of instantaneous velocity distribution of fuel spray show a strong exchange of momentum with air motion evolving inside the cylinder . at later time , velocity profiles of fuel droplets indicate a strong correlation with tumble motion that becomes theparameter regulating breaking , dispersion and transferring liquid fuel in the periphery cylinder .