سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶
محل انتشار: دهمین کنگره ملی خوردگی ایران
تعداد صفحات: ۷
A. H. Jafari – Department ofMetallurgy, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran,
M ayaz – Department ofMetallurgy, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran,
F Afkhami –
A Memari – Alloy Steel Company of Iran.
With the expanding use ofthe reverse osmosis desalination plants, the problems associated with weld metal decay and HAZ concentrated corrosion is being reported. The required long term 24-hour service ability and the high level dependability ofthe apparatus coupled. with excessive rates of corrosion detected, necessitates establishing the mechanisms involved. Effective parameters include high concentrations ofaggressive anions in different media comparable to the oil slurry and brine as well as susceptible phases generated during pre/post heat treatments. Following accurate chemical analysis of the raw, permeate and reject waters as well as the evaluation ofthe pipeline andweld metal materials before and after service; extensive microstructure and phase measurement studies were conducted. The results showed.that the copious ferrite furmation as a result ofchanges in equivalent carbon content could be the main cause ofthe detected corrosion. SEM and low angle XRD studies revealed the interconnected nature of scattered secondary phases. Sulfur was spotted inboth different aqueous media and surface deposits, indicating the possibility of hydrogen ingress and possible HE damage.