سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۴

محل انتشار: چهارمین همایش ملی بیوتکنولوژی ایران

تعداد صفحات: ۱۰

نویسنده(ها):

Mehdi Shafa Shariat Panahi – Medical Genetic Department, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Massoud Houshmand – Medical Genetic Department, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Mohammad Hossein Sanati – Medical Genetic Department, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Shahriar Nafisi – Neurology Department, Shariati Hospital

چکیده:

Friedreich’s ataxia (FA) is the commonest genetic cause of ataxia and is associated with the expansion of a GAA repeat in intron 1 of the frataxin gene. Iron accumulation in the mitochondria of patients with FA would result in hypersensitivity to oxidative stress. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) could be considered a candidate modifier factor for FA disease, since mitochondrial oxidative stress is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of this disease.We studied 25 Iranian patients (16 females and 9 males) from 12 unrelated families. DNA from each patient was extracted and frequency and length of (GAA) n repeat was analyzed using a long-Range PCR test. Also we investigated impact of GAA size on neurological findings, age of onset and disease development. In order to identify polymorphic sites, genetic background and also to find out any possible association between FA and mtDNA haplogroups (hg), the complete non-coding region of mitochondrial DNA from FA patients harbouring GAA trinucletide expansions was sequenced. Alignment were made with the Revised Cambridge Reference Sequence (rCRS) and any differences recorded as single base substitution(SBS), numerical changes in C-tract(PCT),insertions and deletions.
Homozygous GAA expansion was found in 21 (84 %) of all cases. In 4 cases (16%), no expansion was observed, ruling out the diagnosis of Friedreich’s ataxia. In cases with GAA expansions, ataxia, scoliosis and pes cavus, cardiac abnormalities and some neurological findings occurred more frequently than in our patients without GAA expansion. Molecular analysis was imperative for diagnosis of Friedreich’s ataxia, not only for typical cases, but also for atypical ones. Diagnosis bases only on clinical findings is limited, however, it aids in better screening for suspected cases that should be tested. Our results also showed that none of our patients had association with D-loop haplogroups, but the rate of D-loop variations was higher in FA patients than control. MtDNA deletions were present in 75% of our patients representing mtDNA damage which may be due to Iron accumulation in mitochondria.