سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۵

محل انتشار: سومین کنگره بین المللی بهداشت، درمان و مدیریت بحران در حوادث غیرمترقبه

تعداد صفحات: ۱

نویسنده(ها):

Hanie Sadat – Isfehan university of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Sadjadi – Isfehan university of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Sara Barat Pour – Isfehan university of Medical Sciences and Health Services

چکیده:

Global disaster costs are rising. Annual global economic costs related to disaster events average over 440 $ billion per year . These rising costs are the combined result of increasing urbanization , particularly in high-risk coastal areas, and the increasing complexity of our infrastructure. In many regions of the world, loss of life and property are on the rise. In 1970 , for example, the densely populated delta region of Bangladesh experienced one of the greatest disasters on record in the form of a tropical cyclone. From that single event, approximately 300،۰۰۰ people were killed, crop losses were estimated at 63 $million, and some 280،۰۰۰ head of cattle were swept away. Clearly, no society is immune from the natural disaster threat. As the risk continues to grow, it is imperative that recent technological advances be harnessed to aid the disaster manager in reducing loss of life and property . Revolutionary advances in the areas of communications, remote sensing, and computing capabilities now enable the sharing of information as never before . Context: The potential for reducing disaster costs through better application of information technology to disaster management (DM) was emphasized. The studies suggest that the development of an integrated network to support DM information is entirely feasible. There are different ways of information technology which are useful to make a suitable Disaster Information network. These technological advances and associated organizational and policy related issues should be evaluated in order to assess the feasibility of a Disaster Information Network . To define the network we must consider user needs, the products and services of information providers, and the multi-tier possibilities for interconnectivity . In addition, the issues of public/private partnerships and program cost effectiveness or paybacks should to be examined. Furthermore to ensure efficient and
DIN development we need to establish: • Network standards • Protocols and information
mission-effective
finders • Informational quality assurance • More complete cost-effectiveness estimates • More definitive public/private partnership endeavors • Directed technology support • Information integration • Modeling technologies for disaster effects • Approaches to international connectivity. In this paper, to show the role of Disaster Information Network ) DIN) in Disaster Management (DM), we are going to describe the role of information in disaster management, the DM user community and what it needs to conduct its day-to-day operations, the provider community and the associated methodologies available and under development to support user needs. Then we will synthesize these needs and capabilities and evaluate the various means by which disaster-related information could be effectively disseminated . Conclusion: Thanks to progresses which have been made in information technology , we are now in a position to take advantage of that technologies make it feasible to build a robust, integrated, virtual network for the cooperative exchange of timely, relevant information through all phases of disaster management to save lives and reduce economic loss. Such a virtual network would consist of a knowledge base with data, information, sensor characteristics, analyses, and models contributed and utilized by a wide variety of stakeholders. This virtual network would connect people to resources and people to people. The information would be organized in a logical manner so that people with widely varying needs and levels of expertise could rapidly find and access what they need to know . The network would be a focus for cooperation in developing standards and tools for integrating data sets into products that could be used to take timely and appropriate action.