سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۴

محل انتشار: دهمین کنگره ملی مهندسی شیمی ایران

تعداد صفحات: ۱۰

نویسنده(ها):

Pakizeh seresht – Chem. Eng. Dept., Islamic Azad University of Qhuchan, I.R.IRAN
Mohammadi Sani – Chem. Eng. Dept., Islamic Azad University of Qhuchan, I.R.IRAN

چکیده:

Biofuel cells use biocatalysts to convert chemical energy into electrical form. As most organic substrates undergo combustion with the evolution of energy, the biocatalyzed oxidation of organic substances by oxygen or other oxidizers at two-electrode interfaces provides a means for the conversion of chemical to electrical energy. Abundant organic raw materials such as methanol, organic acids or glucose can be used as substrates for the oxidation process, and molecular oxygen or H2O2 can act as the substrate being reduced. Intermediate formation of hydrogen as a potential fuel as possible as well. This paper summarizes recent advances in the tailoring of conventional microbial-based biofuel cells
and describes novel biofuel cell configurations based on biocatalytic interfaces structures integrated with the cathodes and anodes of biofuel cells.