سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶
محل انتشار: چهارمین کنفرانس آسیایی و دهمین سمینار بین المللی مدیریت مشارکتی آبیاری
تعداد صفحات: ۲۱
Simon Howarth – Mott MacDonald, Demeter House, Station Road, Cambridge CB1 2RS, UK
Gladys Nott – Independent Consultant, Wickham Hall, Wickham St. Paul, Halstead CO9 2PH, UK
Umesh Parajuli – Irrigation Specialist, Water and Energy Commission Secretariat, Ministry of Water Resources, Kathmandu, Nepal
Nurlanbek Dzhailobayev – Water Management Specialist, 4a Toktonaliev Str.,Bishkek 720 055 Kyrgyz Republic,
research projects in seven irrigation schemes in Nepal, India and Kyrgyzstan. The guidelines developed through this action research project incorporate a participatory process of engaging with water users to understand and adapt to local circumstances, and to implement inclusive measures which support and develop skills and relationships. However, the effectiveness of the process depends on two other key conditions: an enabling environment and long term support – including the allocation of adequate resources. The experiences reported in this paper indicate the following features should be included in a strategy to improve irrigation governance and water distribution:
• Adopt a process of engagement which includes multidisciplinary studies, entry point activities to build confidence, and activities which build human and social capital and embed the WUA in the community by developing awareness and skills and building relationships.
• Identify and work with ‘Champions of Change’ at all levels – local, regional and national.
• Develop capabilities for management: locally appropriate technical, organisational and governance, and financial skills – to promote trust, transparency and legitimacy.
• Ensure long term support – including practical backstopping for water users and their organisation.
• Ensure an appropriate enabling environment: legal, financial and political.