سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: چهارمین کنفرانس آسیایی و دهمین سمینار بین المللی مدیریت مشارکتی آبیاری

تعداد صفحات: ۱۰

نویسنده(ها):

Kireycheva Liudmila Vladimirovna – Vice-director, Dr.Sc.(Techn.), Professor, All-Russian Research Institute for Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation, 44, Bolshaya Academicheskaya street, Moscow, Russia

چکیده:

Under conditions of developing market economy in Russia budgetary appropriations of ameliorate system operation can be maintained only temporary. Therefore it is necessary to settle the reform problem for the operation service of the ameliorate systems and to find the new source of supply and financing of the ameliorate activity. In the conditions of market economy the different types of the ownership for the interfarm
network are assumed (for example government, joint stock, etc.). The only one requirement is to provide the normal operation in the frame of collective usage. Measures, providing more efficient operation of the inter-farm network, are required. The construction of inter-farm irrigation and drainage network as well as inner farm systems is carried out using government budget. In our judgment management pattern reorganization must be carried out in practice at the local level in the first place: ameliorate system bureaus; tractor forces; operation service bureaus; specialized plants and enterprises by their integration. According to the irrigation systems’ inventory data (2002) federal part of property of
Ministry of Agriculture of Russia includes: more than 60 thousands hydraulic structures including 250 water reservoirs (30 water reservoirs with capacity more than 10 mln.m3); 6 thousands of intake structures; 1,8 thousands pumping structures; about 56 thousands km of canals; 5 thousands km – barrels and protecting dams. Book value of these structures and systems is 43,5 billion rubles (28% of the total book value of
structures and systems belong to the Ministry). As the result of reclamation service reorganization carried out in 2002 special regional management bodies have been reorganized into the federal government institutions. Finally 75 federal government institutions named “Agency on reclamation and agricultural water-service” have been created in 75 subjects of Russian Federation.