سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: پنجمین کنفرانس بین المللی زلزله شناسی و مهندسی زلزله

تعداد صفحات: ۸

نویسنده(ها):

Higashihara – Director, Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Research Center, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention

چکیده:

We studied about potential contribution of earthquake engineering to today’s disaster medicine. This is a kind of interdisciplinary domain that is circumstantial to every existing discipline. But the medicine is essentially tactical and doctors are too busy to manage everything despite the principle of the perfect control of almighty doctor of the conventional medicine. Two major subjects are discussed: protection of medical facilities and support of disaster medicine. Seismic disaster medicine is played over a wide geography and every medical operation in the disaster is just the reached ultimate goal of preceding logistic chains that have become enormous in modern society. A tremendously huge number of these
logistic chains cover the society and carry a lot of flows of commodities that have to be managed in time and space under consideration of resources for transportation. Human factors play a critical role in this field. In fact, mass human behaviors are decisive not only in the vast logistic field but also in each hospital’s post disaster fighting; the logistic problems are dominant even in individual hospitals. The disaster medicine is really a gigantic consumer. This is telling the logistic study is common among both pillars we stated first. This is truly challenging to engineering. Capacity enhancement of disaster medicine requires reflection of recent achievements in medicine and information technology. In this paper, fundamental elements are raised and discussed in the light of Japanese experiences over a decade since 1995 Kobe Earthquake. As a consequence, the interdisciplinary nature of the disaster medicine is highlighted. Medicine itself contains many interdisciplinary components from its daily activity. But recent rapid progress in the disaster medicine has generated many heavy duties to pose on medical doctors, e.g. mobile multi-specialty medical teams. Accordingly, doctors as a leader have to play an important and responsible role, which is the sort of a superhuman capability; this approach is feared not sustainable. But if single humans have to carry out this sort of role, a powerful supporting system has to accompany. Commitment of engineering is therefore imperative.