سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: پنجمین کنگره بین المللی مهندسی شیمی

تعداد صفحات: ۱۲

نویسنده(ها):

Arezoo Niksiare – Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
Amir Rahimi – Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

چکیده:

In this study a mathematical model is developed in order to simulate fluorination reaction of uranium dioxide leading to produce uranium hexafluoride. The model considers homogeneous reaction for intermediate solid and heterogeneous one for unreacted shrinking core. Also this study tries to clearly show the shortcoming of those foregoing models that take surface reactions for both solids. In fact, one may not trust the accuracy of those models due to ignore importance of the diffusion phenomena into the intermediate solid and taking place the reaction within it. On the other hand, neglecting the undeniable effects of operating conditions including temperature and particle sizes on gas concentration distribution and reaction rates may introduce large deviations. For this mentioned purposes the governing equations are derived on the basis of the mass conservation law and solved numerically. Besides, the first time, some dimensionless equations and groups are introduced to predict reaction rates and amount of the main and the intermediate products for using in numerical procedure. Comparing the model results with corresponding experimental ones represents the desirable accuracy of the model. After validation of the model, the effect of some operational variables such as temperature and initial particle size are investigated on the reaction rates and conversions.