سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۵
محل انتشار: یازدهمین کنگره ملی مهندسی شیمی ایران
تعداد صفحات: ۱۰
kayvan Khorsand – Research institute of petroleum industry (RIPI),Tehran, Iran.
mehdi Ahmadi marvast – Research institute of petroleum industry (RIPI),Tehran, Iran.
madjid Kakavand – Research institute of petroleum industry (RIPI),Tehran, Iran.
Ali Karimi – Research institute of petroleum industry (RIPI),Tehran, Iran.
In this paper an industrial ammonia synthesis reactor has been modeled. The reactor under study is of horizontal type. This reactor which is under the license of Kellogg Company is equipped with three axial flow catalyst beds and an internal heat exchanger in accompany with a cooling flow. The achieved modeling is one dimensional and non-homogenous. Considering the sever effect of internal heat exchanger on reactor operation, it has been simulated by calculation of film heat transfer coefficients in its tube and shell and then, taking into account the shell thermal resistance and fouling coefficient, obtaining the overall heat transfer coefficient. So in the developed software, the heat transfer coefficient is first calculated using the conditions of the input flow to the exchanger and then the input flows to the first and second beds are calculated.
The differential equations have been solved using Rung Kutta 4 method and the results have been compared with the available industrial data. Finally the capability of the developed software for industrial application has been investigated by changing the reactor operation conditions and
studying their effects on reactor output.