سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: پنجمین کنگره بین المللی مهندسی شیمی

تعداد صفحات: ۵

نویسنده(ها):

Zahedi Nezhad – Chemical Engineering Department, Iran University of Science and Technology(IUST).
Rowshanzamir – Green Research Center and Chemical Engineering Department, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
Eikani – Chemical Industries Department, Iranian Research Organization for Science & Technology (IROST), Tehran, Iran

چکیده:

This paper concerns the kinetic and thermodynamic modeling of a methane autothermal reformer (ATR) in tended for synthesis gas or syngas (H2+CO) production. Essentially autothermal reforming is the combination of partial oxidation and adiabatic-steam reforming. Thermodynamic analysis of ATR is based on Gibbs free energy minimization. In this analysis, effect of steam, carbon dioxide and oxygen in feed concentration on the H2 to CO ratio and mole fraction of components have been studied. Effect of temperature and pressure on the product syngas composition and probability of soot formation have been investigated. The results of thermodynamic model were compared with reported data in open literatures. For the kinetic modeling of ATR process, two distinct models for each of the sections of reactor were used. In the partial oxidation section model, a comprehensive kinetic mechanism in presence of 28 species in 108 simultaneous elementary reactions was considered. A two-dimensional kinetic model was developed to simulate the catalytic bed. The model covers all aspects of major chemical kinetics and heat and mass transfer phenomena. The predicted temperature and composition by the proposed model have been verified with published pilot plant scale data.