سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۲

محل انتشار: چهارمین کنفرانس بین المللی زلزله شناسی و مهندسی زلزله

تعداد صفحات: ۸

نویسنده(ها):

S. M. Zahrai – Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil Engrg., Univ. of Tehran, Tehran, Iran,

چکیده:

Following recent earthquakes that have demonstrated the potential seismic vulnerability of some types of steel bridges, many transportation agencies have initiated programs to evaluate the seismic resistance of their existing bridges. However in some regions, the problem is complicated by the fact that steel bridges have frequently been exposed for years to an aggressive corrosion environment, particularly where road de-icing salts have been heavily used, seismic-resistant members frequently appear to be severely corroded. Similar problem happens to other steel structures. To determine whether such rusted members can reliably exhibit stable ductile behavior that is expected during an earthquake, a number of rusted pieces taken from an old steel bridge were subjected to a few tension and cyclic bending tests. Specimens had up to a 60% loss of cross-sectional area due to severe corrosion.Non-cyclic tension stress-capacity and ductility did not change significantly due to corrosion. However, cyclic tests showed that, while stable hysteretic behavior comparable to that of unrusted specimen is possible, premature low-cycle fatigue typically develops. Irregularities along the rusted surface apparently act as crack initiators and precipitate crack propagation throughout the section. Finally, a few rivets tested in tension or shear did not exhibit any considerable degradation of strength nor ductility