سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۸

محل انتشار: اولین کنفرانس بین المللی مدیریت منابع آب

تعداد صفحات: ۵

نویسنده(ها):

Kh Osati – PHD. Student, Watershed Management, University of Tehran and member of Young Researchers Club of Kurdistan
m.J. Nahvinia – M. Sc. Student, Irrigation and drainage, University of Tehran
H. Shariati – M. Sc. Student, Watershed Management, Azad University of Tehran
M.R. Askari – M. Sc. Student, Irrigation and drainage, University of Tehran

چکیده:

Ground water, the main source of water supply in many regions of Iran, is exposed to pollutions resulted from urban wastewater, industrial pollutions and agriculture activities. Therefore the aim of this study is to determine the nitrate pollution level and its origin in Kurdan watershed. Groundwater samples were collected from 53 wells in different land use across the Kurdan watershed. The effects of different land use (salt land, bare land, agriculture and urban) on pollution levels are investigated by statistical analysis. Finally we compare different geostatistic methods and generate spatial distributions map of nitrate pollution based on the best interpolation method (Kriging method). Nitrate concentration mean varied from 11 to 74 mg/L. Results show that nitrate concentration is more than maximum acceptable concentration in drinking water (i.e. 50 mg/L as nitrate recommended by national standard and WHO guideline value) in some parts of the study area and the analyzed samples around salt land and agricultural land use have a high value of nitrate. The main source of pollution is fertilizers applied to cultivated land. Nitrate pollution concentration is the most in the west of Kurdan watershed, where surface water discharge fertilizers to ground water.