سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۵
محل انتشار: دومین سمپوزیوم بین المللی تکنولوژی و بیولوژی زعفران
تعداد صفحات: ۷
R Ghorbani – Department of Agronomy Faculty of Agriculture Ferdowsi University of Mashhad P.O. Box: 91775-1163 Mashhad Iran
A Koocheki – Department of Agronomy Faculty of Agriculture Ferdowsi University of Mashhad P.O. Box: 91775-1163 Mashhad Iran
Saffron is an economic crop of low input agricultural systems of South Khorasan in Iran. In terms of economic productivity this crop is one of the most efficient water saving crops in the world. Basically evolution of farming practices for saffron has been based on an “Organic” system of production. Saffron growers in most parts of Iran have so far used no agrochemical input for production and most of the inputs used were internal. Agronomic practices such as application of organic fertilizers, non-chemical methods for pests and weed control, complete family labor work for production and processing, share-cropping and socio-cultural environment surrounding the whole process of saffron is in compliance withorganic farming principles. In other words, Iranian saffron is mostly based on an organic production, but this system of production is in fact “organic by neglect” and is not recognized by the present system of international certification, therefore, an Internal Control System (ICS), which was proposed by IFOAM for the first time in 1996, is appropriate for organic saffron in Iran.This type of control which is based on group certification is cost effective and has been suggested for small producers. In this method smallholders are organized into a single group with an internal support structure and a de facto inspection system.