سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: چهارمین کنفرانس آسیایی و دهمین سمینار بین المللی مدیریت مشارکتی آبیاری

تعداد صفحات: ۱۰

نویسنده(ها):

MohdAli Fulazzaky – Water and Wastewater Senior Expert: Indonesian Ministry of Public Works, Jakarta – Indonesia and Lecturer at the UTHM Johor – Malaysia
Slamet Imam Wahyudi – Lecturer and Researcher et the Sultan Agung Islamic University, Semarang – Indonesia

چکیده:

According to the Law No. 7/2004 on water resources, the irrigation networks management in Indonesia consists: the feasibility, environmental impact and masterplan studies; construction step; operation and maintenance phase as well as the monitoring and evaluation. Implementing the irrigation management especially in the paddy field areas which needed a huge water consumption and request of involving the stakeholders
for each step of the management processes . Therefore, the national policy also as mentioned in the Government Regulation No. 20/2006 declared that the central and local governments recognize the role of the water user associations (WUAs) to carry out the irrigation networks system management based on farmers’ participation approach. This paper elaborates several researches for analysis and evaluation of the farmers’ participation on operation and maintenance of the irrigation networks system in two provinces in Indonesia: Central Java and West Nusa Tenggara. The methodology of researches is respectively following the several steps i.e examining the population survey of the defined sampling locations, distributing the questionnaires and collecting the feedback responses of the farmers, and collecting the other relevant data as well as
analyzing the validated data and evaluating the farmers’ participation levels. The research is also conducting the secondary data of the existing studies, including in the Yogyakarta special province region. The appreciation of the farmers’ participation assess through the role of WUAs at the planning, performing, and evaluating processes as the parts of operation and maintenance of the irrigation networks system management and representing the presence or absence as well as the aptitude of the farmers in the meetings and supporting the examination of the records related in the locations of study. This research giving the general responses of the farmers’ participation at the planning and performing processes respectively as indicating the scores of 2.77 and 2.80 and classifying the moderate categories as well as at the evaluating process as indicating thescore of 3.2 and classifying the high category. A general remark of the farmers’ response on operation and maintenance of the irrigation networks system management in two provinces can be summarized as following: 42% of farmers is categorized as high participation, 16% as moderate participation, 32% as low participation and 10% as very low participation.