سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: چهارمین کنفرانس آسیایی و دهمین سمینار بین المللی مدیریت مشارکتی آبیاری

تعداد صفحات: ۱۲

نویسنده(ها):

Abdolreza Ahmadi –
Saeid Rafiyee –

چکیده:

Participatory Irrigation Management in the section of irrigation and agriculture in the wide land of Iran with water scarcity has a long history. Such as the Sheikh Bahayee scroll In Esfahan or in the previous Tehran during Saljooghiyan government and first Toghrol had a special supervision on the rivers and typical irrigations, drinking water distribution of the water stores in the city were related to some high social aspects and Water User Associations relevant to the groynes, Prunes, coal-bins and ploughshares have been existed from long time ago.
The people establishments have been created voluntarily or by demands for the purpose of better operation of water resources, land and agricultural products in the majority of areas. They have continued by political and governmental changes until now. In the years 1961 to 1971, IRAN performance of some land reformations and ownership system changes created small pieces of land with the reduction of objectives of political and economical powers; creation of rural class respects; better system of trade and demand system in the national level; government invested directly in the field of management, water supply & distribution and by governmental subsidies without considering the role of farmers in determination of real prices of water so that farmers right now think that they are entitled to have free water and providence of that is know a
duty of government. After the victory of Islamic revolution of Iran government provided a fast development in water industry in the demand of work in a way that the resource dams which are under operation and use are more than 170 national dams in provinces and about 83 national resource dams are being built, so in this case the number of them has been increased and the irrigation networks have covered lands more than 1609 thousands hectares.