سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: چهارمین کنفرانس آسیایی و دهمین سمینار بین المللی مدیریت مشارکتی آبیاری

تعداد صفحات: ۱۷

نویسنده(ها):

Darismanto – Dipl. PG (IRR) is a Senior Irrigation Executive Expert, the member of Board of Director of the Indonesian Chapter of International Network on Participatory Irrigation Management (INPIM-INA);
Hafied – Ph.D., P.Eng. is the President of INPIM-INA, and vice President of the Indonesian National Committee of ICID (INACID) for International Affairs.
Gany – Ph.D., P.Eng. is the President of INPIM-INA, and vice President of the Indonesian National Committee of ICID (INACID) for International Affairs

چکیده:

Despite the fact that irrigation development and management under the participatory irrigation management (PIM) approach has a long history in Indonesia, however, the initiative of PIM in modern term has only been experimented in Indonesia since the late 1990’s. Given the nature of land holding pattern, which is mostly of small holder, the PIM Approach has ever-since been implemented to adjust with small land holding condition. The results have been varying in the level of successes. There has been a number of irrigation schemes proved to be successful in the PIM implementation, through there were also problems of effective collaboration with the water users’ association (WUA), not the least of which was the traditional top-down approach prevalent at that time. However, lessons learned ‘the hard way’, are now influencing the Government towards a new participatory approach in irrigation development that is beginning to pay dividends. Intervening from the top down in small holder irrigation development always involved difficulties – too many implementing agencies; long delays caused by bureaucraticprocurement procedures; and a lack of counterpart contributions from the Government of Indonesia as a result of poor revenue generation of irrigated paddy. Compounding these administrative problems were the difficulties in establishing rural financial services for farmers, during which, more focus on irrigationnfrastructure rather than on the participants. Nevertheless, the establishments of WUAs as well as water users’ association federation (WUAF) and Principal WUAF (PWUAF) have been formally carried out in many irrigation schemes. The remaining obligations are on the empowerment of the established WUAs in terms of institutional, technical, as well as administrative capacities to maximize the associations’ functions.
In an effort to optimize the remaining capacity of the WUAs to pursue the sustainable operation and management of irrigation schemes through PIM approach, this paper has been prepared based on field experiment model that has been successfully conducted by WUAs in Cihea Irrigation Schemes, under the intensive guidance of irrigation services of the West Java Province, Indonesia. A number of experiences of themplementation of the PIM model are described in this paper, including: the salient features of Cihea Irrigation Scheme characteristics; objective and mechanism principles of the pilot model; rights, duties and obligations of the WUAs, membership and organization structure; basic principle of the establishment of WUAs, WUAF and PWUAFs; empowerment of WUAs; collaboration mechanism; budgeting; as well as control, monitoring and evaluation of the PIM implementation. It is expected that some of the PIM experiences presented in this papers are worth for comparative features in other regions or irrigation schemes that are having the similar characteristics.