سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۴

محل انتشار: کنگره بین المللی اخلاق زیستی

تعداد صفحات: ۷

نویسنده(ها):

Frhadi Emam – legal Researcher National Research Institute of Genetic engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran
Mirzanjani – Academic member, National Research Institute of Genetic engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran

چکیده:

What is the position taken by bioethicists vis-à-vis patenting of genes? Looking at the available source, three groups of responses could be distinguished. Principle-based responses try to resolve the problem by resorting to bioethics principles suchas autonomy, justice or dignity. consequentialist responses look into impacts of gene patenting on socio-economic conditions of the society. Legal responses are more interested in protection of the rights of human beigs and animals, arguing that such protection is founded on moral values.
After explaining the above three responses, at the last part of this paper, patenting of genes in iran under the current laws and regulations is discussed.