سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۵
محل انتشار: اولین کنفرانس بین المللی مدیریت و برنامه ریزی انرژی
تعداد صفحات: ۱۴
M. Shafie-Pour – PhD Faculty of Environmental Engineering, University of Tehran
M. Negahban Azar – Postgraduate Students of Environmental Engineering, University of Tehran.
R. Mostofi Daryani – Postgraduate Students of Environmental Engineering, University of Tehran.
From 1970 to 2003, global use of primary energy expanded by about 2 percent annually. According to the World Energy Assessment (WEA), if this trend continues, it will mean a doubling of energy consumption between 2003 and 2035, and a tripling by 2055. Total primary energy production and consumption over the last three decades have been closely monitored revealing that in fact the share of the developing countries in producing the energy has significantly increased, whilst to the contrary the energy consumption of the developed countries, with only 25% of the worlds population, has increased, resulting in widening the gap between the welfare levels of the developed and the developing countries. This paper analyses the relationship between energy use and poverty in developing countries. It describes current patterns of energy use, in articular the traditional fuels and how income levels have affected the development of proper infrastructures such as rates of electrification. Also details of electricity access and the way households make the transition from traditional fuels to modern forms of energy in some group of developing countries are further explained. Projects for traditional fuels use and electricity access rates for the next three decades, as a function of access to national energy resources and income levels have been proposed, high-lighting the fact that traditional fuels do not share the same prospects amongst the developing countries, most notably in the Middle East, North Africa and South America.