سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۵

محل انتشار: یازدهمین کنگره ملی مهندسی شیمی ایران

تعداد صفحات: ۸

نویسنده(ها):

Badakhshan – Professor Emeritus, Chemical Engineering، Catalyst Research Group, Petrochemical Research and Technology Company, National Petrochemical Company, 14358, Tehran, Iran
Sahebdelfar – PHD, Chemical Engineering
Bahmani – MS, Physical Chemisry

چکیده:

The build-up of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, in the atmosphere as a consequence of human activities has resulted in significant concern worldwide. On the other hand, carbon dioxide can be considered as a potential C1 source in chemical synthesis. Carbon dioxide can be used as an alternative reactant or a reactive diluent in certain well known petrochemical processes. It can be used in the synthesis of methanol, and as an oxidant in oxidative coupling of methane, oxidative dehydrogenation of paraffins and reforming of methane to produce synthesis gas. In this way, the carbon of carbon dioxide can be effectively recycled to the production line. At the same time, the emission of this gas to the atmosphere is reduced. The utilization of carbon dioxide as a feedstock, however, is not an easy task due to the high stability of its molecules rendering the related processes thermodynamically less favorable.