سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۷
محل انتشار: هفتمین کنفرانس بین المللی روابط تجاری شرق و غرب آسیا : فرصت ها، چشم انداز و چالشها
تعداد صفحات: ۳۱
Grant M. Cox – School of Mathematics and Applied Statistics University of Wollongong
Charles Harvie – School of Economics University of Wollongong
The increased demand for energy and other resources in global markets, particularly arising from the rapidly developing economies of China and India, has resulted in considerable turbulence in resource prices, and most obviously that of oil. The recent magnitude of change, both positive and negative, in resource prices and their macroeconomic implications is of considerable contemporary importance for both resource importing and exporting economies. For a resource exporting economy, such as that of Australia, the resource price boom had a number of beneficial effects: increased government taxation revenues, increased employment and higher wages in the resource and resource related sectors, increased spending in the domestic economy and buoyant economic growth, increased resource exports to the booming economies of China and India and a stronger domestic currency with beneficial effects upon inflation. On the other hand these developments are likely to have adverse effects on the non resource sector that is subject to more competition for limited resources, a stronger exchange rate results in a loss of international competitiveness and reduced exports, a loss of employment in the non resource sector which is likely to be more labour intensive, and an eventual slow down in the overall economy. These positive and negative effects, and the overall impact of a resource price boom, willfundamentally require closer analysis of the structure of the economy under scrutiny. In this context the policy response by government is likely to be crucial in producing overall positive effects. The objective of this paper is to provide an analytical framework that can be utilised for a resource exporting economy for this purpose. This paper develops a dynamic macroeconomic model for a resource producing and exporting economy, with the objective of capturing key macroeconomic outcomes arising from an increase in the price of the resource. The adjustment process in the model emphasises a spending (or wealth) effect, an income effect, a revenue effect, a current account effect and an exchange rate effect from resource production that will facilitate a robust analysis of the macroeconomic impact of resource price shocks and policy responses to this.