سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۴

محل انتشار: سومین کنفرانس بین المللی مدیریت

تعداد صفحات: ۹

نویسنده(ها):

Bhehnaz Mohajeran – PhD student, University of Wollongong (bm19@uow.edu.au).

چکیده:

the decentralization of education systems is one of the most important processes taking
place today. School-based management is an alternative to the typical pattern of school district
governance that centralizes authority in the district office. It is a system of administration in which the
school is the primary unit of educational decision-making. Responsibility for certain decisions about the
budget, personnel, and the curriculum is placed at the school level rather than the district level, thereby
giving especially principals but also teachers, students, and parents’ greater control over the educational
process. The success of school-based management depends on the context and conditions in which it is
implemented. More generally, the paper intends to introduce a picture of school-based management and
some of its characteristics with a brief explanation of experiences of developed and developing countries
in school-based management.