سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۷

محل انتشار: همایش بین المللی ژئولیت ایران

تعداد صفحات: ۳

نویسنده(ها):

M. Ghiaci – Organic Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Isfahan University of Technology
M. Arshadi – Organic Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Isfahan University of Technology,Isfahan, 84156-83111, I.R. Iran

چکیده:

A comparative study of the reaction parameters involving the vapour phase isopropylation of benzene
with isopropyl alcohol (IPA) over H-ZSM-5 and H3PO4-ZSM-5 catalysts is taken up to evaluate the
performance of these two catalysts for the industrially important cumene synthesis. Evaluation of catalysts
for isopropylation of benzene reaction using isopropyl alcohol as alkylating agent was carried out in a
continuous, down-flow, fixed-bed reactor at atmospheric pressure in the temperature range 423-673 K. The
influence of SiO2/Al2O3 ratio (60-170) of the zeolite, H3PO4 content, reaction parameters such as reaction
temperature, molar ratio of benzene and isopropyl alcohol, space velocity, and time on stream was studied.
Maximum conversion (12%) was noted at 523 K over 15% H3PO4-ZSM-5 (TOS = 6 h). The reaction
selectivity on 15% H3PO4 -ZSM-5-60 (SiO2/Al2O3 = 60) is higher (> 97%; TOS = 6 h) than that of the most
active H-ZSM-5 catalyst (74%) at the same temperature. Cumene selectivity over 15% H3PO4 -ZSM-5-60
was found to stay over 70% with increase in time on stream (up to 16 h) when the feed used contained an
IPA/benzene molar ratio 1:8.