سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۱

محل انتشار: پنجمین همایش بین المللی سواحل، بنادر و سازه های دریایی

تعداد صفحات: ۴

نویسنده(ها):

Jesper S. Damgaard – General Manager, HR Wallingford Middlt East PO Bax 1286 Dubai
David Willis – Principal Consultant RSK Environment
David Osorio – Independent Consultant
Andrew Palmer – University of Combridge

چکیده:

The production of oil and gas provides important revenue for the countries around the Persian Gulf. There are therefore already many pipelines installed in the region and many more are planned. In addition to the hydrocarbon transportation pipelines there are important potable water pipelines and outfall/intake pipes. A common aspect of all these pipelines is thet they at some stage must traverse the shallow waters in the coastal regions.
Design and construction of pipelines inshallow water bring its own engineering and environmental challenges. Whereas deep-water pipeline problems tend to be generic, ie idependent of the specific environment, every shallow water pipeline route is unique and will require spicific engineering and environmental solutions.
Furthermore it is in the shallow coastal regions thet we find some of the most sensitive habitats.
In this paper we discuss some of the challenges and their potential solutions, with emphasis on the types of conditions found in the persian Gulf.