سال انتشار: ۱۳۹۰

محل انتشار: همایش کاربرد نانوتکنولوژی در صنایع نفت و پتروشیمی

تعداد صفحات: ۱۰

نویسنده(ها):

Ali MOGHIMI – 1Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University – Varamin Pishva Branch, Varamin Pishva, Iran
Heydar MOSALAI – Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University – Mahshahr Branch, Mahshahr, Iran

چکیده:

Modified nano polyacrylonitrile fiber (PANF) was prepared by adding of acrylic fibers to methanolamine (MMA) with different concentration solutions. The stability of a chemically modified nano polyacrylonitrile fiber especially in concentrated hydrochloric acid which was then used as a recycling and pre-concentration reagent for further uses of Modified nano polyacrylonitrile fiber. The application of this Modified nano polyacrylonitrile fiber for sorption of a series of metal ions was performed by using different controlling factors such as the pH of metal ion solution and the equilibration shaking time by the static technique. Cd(II) was found to exhibit the highest affinity towards extraction by these Modified nano polyacrylonitrile fiber phases. The pronounced selectivity was also confirmed from the determined distribution coefficient (Kd) of all the metal ions, showing the highest value reported for Cd(II) to occur by Modified nano polyacrylonitrile fiber. The potential applications of Modified nano polyacrylonitrile fiber for selective extraction of Cd(II) to occur from aqueous solution were successfully accomplished as well as pre- concentration of low concentration of Cd(II) (60 pg ml-1) from natural tap water with a pre-concentration factor of 100 for Cd(II) off-line analysis by flame atomic absorption analysis.