سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: پنجمین کنگره بین المللی مهندسی شیمی

تعداد صفحات: ۱۳

نویسنده(ها):

Meysam Rahbari – Chemical Engineering Department, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran
Ataallah Soltani Goharrizi – Chemical Engineering Department, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran
Masoud Masoud – International Center of Science, High Technology & Environmental Sciences, Kerman, Iran

چکیده:

Adsorption is a method for removing heavy metals from wastewater. The adsorption of pb+2 from aqueous solution on multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has been investigated using a series of batch adsorption methods. In this work, adsorption rate was studied experimentally at various temperatures (283,298 and 303K), contact time, initial pH and initial lead concentration. It was observed that the pb+2adsorption rates increased dramatically in the initial times of experiment and reached equilibrium after 6 hrs. The optimum pH was over 9 (adsorption percentage is 91%). For adsorption isotherm, the experimental data have been analyzed by four two-parameter isotherms (Langmuir, Frendhich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich) and four three-parameter isotherms (Redhich-Peterson, Sips, Toth and Khan). The data was fitted by linear and non-linear regression and three error functions were used to evaluate the goodness of the fitting. Four kinds of kinetic models were used to test the experimental data, which were intraparticular diffusion, Lagergren-first-order, second-order and the Elovich equation. The results showed that the second-order kinetic model was the best model. Thermodynamic parameters (∆G , ∆H , and ∆S ) were determined in the temperature range of 283 to 308 K. These parameters showed that the adsorption of Pb (ІІ) onto CNTs was a spontaneous and endothermic process.