سال انتشار: ۱۳۸۶

محل انتشار: سمینار بین المللی تاریخ آبیاری و زهکشی

تعداد صفحات: ۱۳

نویسنده(ها):

Sharareh Poormojdehi – Master of conservation and restoration of historic buildings

چکیده:

The vital role of watermills in the past, have had so wealthy value for the rural society which any possibility were used for constructing this kind of structure, although they are rarely in use, now a days those machines are replaced with new electronic systems, it could be seen that these new systems are functionally derived some how from those simple and small but efficient, scientific carefully designed and well performed plants. Watermills are the best evidences that illustrate how the man utilizes the natural energies for their needs. According to the climate, availability and existence of water, in Iran the fact is that watermills have been used in different geographical areas, but their importances and values, have not been considered, examined and studied worthily. The main and most important reasons for this research is to introduce some part of our national heritage, ways for rehabilitation, conservation, innovation these efficient systems using to produce flour as an indigenous significant technical structure even more scientific base systems. You could see our ancestors, as an example, standpoint for the next generations a sample to study the revolution of machines and for them to know how the primitive and supposedly simple but efficient Mechanical systems were. Evolved from the modern and ever sophisticated today plants and also to remember this fact that despite their undeniable role they have played in emergence of more complicated machines, how gradually they are going to be for gotten and declined. For a better understanding and appreciation of watermills functions, it has been applied a close local survey or site examination in different geographical areas systems to prepare plans of mechanical and hydraulic components, structural details, materials, water discharges, energy dissipating etc. After studying various kind of watermill, founded that they utilize the energy of water and it ways, functions, mechanisms and know how they are built. All studies and investigation on watermills have been done over one of the existing in Meymand region in Kerman province to understand plan, remediation procedure, necessary actions for rehabilitation of this kind ground pressurized hydraulic systems.